haiku research

Newest essays —                                    

Haiku and the Perception of the Unique
February 14, 2014  
Haiku and “What Thought is Like”
February 16, 2014  

Book —                                    

The Disjunctive Dragonfly:
A New Approach to English-Language Haiku

Autumn 2013  
Author Index

A revised and much-expanded (132 page) update of the decade-old essay (cf. Modern Haiku Journal 35:2).

The book contains 275 haiku by 135 authors, and includes several new sections, including a comparative discussion of strong and weak styles of disjunction in excellent haiku, and a presentation of seven newly coined "strong reader-resistance" disjunctive categories. A rationale is given for the elimination of the term "gendai" in English-language haiku criticism, and a new term, "H21 haiku" is proposed as a suitable replacement.
Red Moon Press

Kaneko Tohta Series (4 Volumes) —

Kon Nichi Haiku Translation Group
March 2011 — December 2012

IkimonofŻei: Poetic Composition on Living
Things, a monograph by Kaneko Tohta
(vol. 1)

The Future of Haiku, an Interview
with Kaneko Tohta
(vol. 2)

Selected Haiku 1937-1960,
of Kaneko Tohta
(vol. 3)

Selected Haiku 1961-2012,
of Kaneko Tohta
(vol. 4)
Red Moon Press  

Poems of Consciousness
Contemporary Japanese
and English-language Haiku
in Cross-cultural Perspective
March 2008, Red Moon Press  

Longer papers —            

Plausible Deniability: Nature as Hypothesis
in English-language Haiku

9800 words  
In Poems of Consciousness, and
PALA 2007 Conference Proceedings
Forthcoming, Stylistic Studies of Literature
(S. Kumamoto & M. Hori, eds., Summer, 2008)
Kigo and Seasonal Reference:
Cross-cultural Issues in Anglo-American Haiku

5400 words  
A discussion of differences between season words as used in English-language haiku, and kigo within the Japanese literary context.  
Kumamoto Studies in English Language and Literature 49, Kumamoto University, March 2006; revised from

Simply Haiku, 3.3  
The Miraculous Power of Language:
A Conversation with the Poet
Hoshinaga Fumio

7000 words  
An interview with acclaimed haiku poet
Hoshinaga Fumio, at 70.
Also online:

Modern Haiku, 35.3
Autumn 2004
Hoshinaga Fumio:
Selected Haiku from

2500 words  
As a compliment to the above interview. The two articles combined offer 22 haiku translations, with commentary.  
Modern Haiku, 35.3

Autumn 2004
The Disjunctive Dragonfly:
A Study of Disjunctive Method and Definitions in Contemporary English-language Haiku

11,700 words  
March 2004. Revised & updated, December 2007  
The goal of this paper is to offer expanded definitions and concepts for what "proper haiku" in English may be.  
Kumamoto Studies in English Language and Literature 47, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan, March 2004 (27-66). Adapted and revised in:
Modern Haiku, 35.2 (21-44)  



Subtitled interviews with
contemporary Japanese poets

Kigo & “Seasonal Reference” in Haiku
(6 articles)  

Journal Interviews

2nd Position, Troutswirl blog
The Morning After: Haiku Faces
a New Century

The Haiku Foundation
8 June 2010
with Udo Wenzel
The Spirit of Freedom—Aspects of Contemporary Haiku
Haiku Heute 5:1
Autumn 2009
with David F. Hoenigman
An Interview with Richard Gilbert
Word Riot
Autumn 2009
with Robert Wilson
A Brilliant Literature, Part 2
Simply Haiku 7:1
Spring 2009
with Robert Wilson
A Brilliant Literature, Part 1
Simply Haiku 6:4
Winter 2008
with Robert Wilson
A First Interview
Simply Haiku 3:1
Spring 2005

Review of Authored Haiku

by Jack Galmitz
Typology & Poetry:
Richard Gilbert Experiments

Roadrunner Haiku Journal 12.3

December 2012 (pp. 119-126) (PDF)
contact email  

Poems of Consciousness:
—    Reviews & Commentaries    —

Haiku 21: An Anthology of Contemporary English-language Haiku (Introduction)
Lee Gurga & Scott Metz
Modern Haiku Press, 2011  
William Higginson
Publisher's catalog, Spring 2008  
Johnye Strickland
Simply Haiku 6:2, Summer 2008  
Dimitar Anakiev
Frogpond 31:3, Winter 2008  

Japanese Sayings
Presentations by college students of senryu, kotowaza, 5-7-5 metrics, mottos . . . 

also visit  
interviews with gendai poets  

All publications archived here:

Creative Commons License

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Freely download, share & copy; not for commercial gain.


Reviews & Articles —                

Jack Galmitz
Experiments in Languaged Obliquity

by Richard Gilbert
Autumn 2013  
Short article
Haiku ó
Take Five Brilliant Corners
Frogpond 32:3
Autumn 2009  
A Gift Of Freedom:
An Insight into Poems of Consciousness,
by Richard Gilbert
by Dimitar Anakiev  
Frogpond 31:3  
Autumn 2008  
Towards a New Light
NOON: Journal of the Short Poem

Simply Haiku 3:2
Summer 2005  
Short article
Notions of Metamorphosis in English Haiku
Frogpond 27:3
Autumn 2004  
Short article
A Very Warm Mountain
autumn mist by marlene mountain
Frogpond 27:2
Summer 2004  
Short article
Beyond the Near Distance:
Horizon by Rajiv Lather
Frogpond 27:1
Spring 2004  
A Future Waterfall: Second Sight  
Frogpond 24:3
Autumn 2001  
Short article
Universalism vs. Particularism
in International Haiku
Haiku Novine, Yugoslavia
Spring 1999  

haiku research


Longer papers —                       


The Distinct Brilliance of Zappai
5200 words  
An explanation of the cultural
significance of zappai, and argument for
its removal from the HSA definitions of haiku
Also online:

Simply Haiku 3.1
Spring 2005
March 2000
Haiku Metrics and Issues of Emulation:
New Paradigms for Japanese and English
Haiku Form

17,500 words  
Language Issues: Journal of the Foreign Language Education Center. Prefectural University of Kumamoto, Kumamoto, Japan.  
March 1999
Stalking the Wild Onji
8300 words  
Frogpond 22: Supplement  
6 Articles on Kigo in haiku